The New York-based startup Epibone intends to begin human testing on a procedure that will utilize stem cells to regenerate living bone tissue. The researchers, originally from Columbia University, will apply autologous [the patient’s own] stem cells to nanofiber scaffolding of the desired size and shape and direct the stem cells to differentiate into a physical and genetic replica of the patient’s own bone. Continue reading
In a new pilot study at the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital in London, researchers will utilize stem cells to promote the healing of painful tendon injuries such as tennis elbow. Initial studies suggest that, upon transplantation, the stem cells release growth factors to the point of injury, which induce the growth of new tendon tissue while reducing scar tissue to recover movement and flexibility. Continue reading
In a recent clinical study conducted in Beijing, researchers are testing a treatment for patients suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus by administering autologous [the patient’s own] mesenchymal stem cells. The researchers aim to capitalize on the unique abilities of MSCs to not only differentiate into a multitude of different cell types, but to reduce the autoimmune attack in patients affected by lupus as well. Continue reading
Complex chemical polymers are currently being developed by scientists at Stanford University to protect and support the proliferation of stem cells during spinal cord transplantation procedures. The gels are designed to provide padding for the cells during injection, while also varying in viscosity and the biochemical signals contained within to offer stem cells an optimal environment for differentiation. Continue reading
In recent clinical trials, researchers at the National University of Ireland Galway have successfully utilized adult stem cells to treat patients with osteoarthritis. The treatment involves recovering the patients’ own [autologous] stem cells and then injecting the stem cells into cartilage to stimulate the regeneration of lost tissue. Continue reading
A team of medical researchers at Saint Luc University Clinic have developed a method of repairing bones utilizing autologous [the patient’s own] stem cells. The process involves harvesting the stem cells from the patient, differentiating the stem cells in-vitro to grow bone, pairing the cells with a scaffolding matrix and then molding the material to repair damaged or diseased bone within the patient. Continue reading
Cartilage injuries can range from small lesions, such as those of athletes, to chronic injuries, such as cartilage degradation. Cartilage injuries, which are difficult to repair and have limited options for surgery, and usually results in a drastic affect on quality of life of afflicted individuals. In addition, the health, number and vitality of cartilage cells diminish with age.